What is a Durable Power of Attorney? (A Brief Overview)
A shorty, but a goody today. The Durable Power of Attorney is a legal document that allows you to name someone (also known as an "attorney-in-fact" or "agent") to make financial decisions for you. The Durable Power of Attorney can even be drafted broad enough to allow the agents to make gifts on your behalf or to transfer assets to your revocable living trust if you have created one. This document is only effective while you're alive.
Why Do You Need One?
Most people only plan for death, but with advancements in medicine, it's possible to be alive for quite a while but be incapacitated to the point where you're unable to make decisions regarding your assets. Having a Durable Power of Attorney can help you avoid a court-supervised conservatorship and may allow your loved ones to act more quickly in the event that something happens to you and important decisions need to be made regarding your financial affairs.
Overlap With Trustees?
You may be thinking that the agent under a durable power of attorney would seem to have a conflict of interest with the Trustee of your Trust, but that is generally not the case. First, the agent under your Durable Power of Attorney is often the same individual that you've chosen to be your successor Trustee. Second, your Trustee deals with assets contained within your revocable living trust, whereas the agent under your Durable Power of Attorney principally deals with assets that are outside of your trust.
The Durable Power of Attorney is frequently a standard document that is incorporated into an estate plan, so don't be surprised if your estate planning lawyer includes one for you as well. Even if the cost of estate planning is outside of your budget, I encourage everyone to have a Durable Power of Attorney, as it is inexpensive to prepare and can even be found in the California Probate Code (Section 4401).